A new memorial to remember and teach about the 300,000 victims of the Nazi “euthanasia” program opened in September in Berlin. Located next to the Philharmonic and a short walk to Potsdamer Platz, the memorial is at Tiergartenstraße 4, which was the address for a villa at the edge of the park used as the administrative center for Aktion T4 — the Nazi’s so-called “euthanasia” program.
The T4 program murdered 300,000 “unfit” German citizens with mental and physical disabilities, and included forced sterilization. The Nazis used various killing methods, which ultimately led the planners of the Final Solution to use gas chambers in the concentration camps.
- U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum online exhibition: Nazi persecution of the disabled
- U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum article: Euthanasia Program